Friday, 17 June 2016

Serializing and Deserializing in java

Serializing: Serialization is the mechanism to write the object into byte Stream, this mechanism used while dealing with object sending on remote clients using such client/server Java technologies as RMI or socket programming.

Basically, it converts all data into the byte stream, it contains data of the object as well as information about the object like type, metadata etc.

All the wrapper classes implement interface by default. interface :

Serializable is interface has no body, it is basically used to mark java classes which support certain capabilities.

One advantage of serialization is that it compresses the data of the object to make travel of object across the network easy.

It has Following Methods:

1) public final void writeObject(Object obj) throws IOException {}writes the object to the ObjectOutputStream.
2) public void flush() throws IOException {}flushes the existing output stream.
3) public void close() throws IOException {}closes the output stream.

Here is the Example:

We are going to Serialize object of Schools in NACC class.

public class Schools implements Serializable{
       int s_Id;
       String s_Name;
       public Schools(int s_Id, String s_Name){      //We are creating constructor 
               this.s_Id = s_Id;

NACC Class:


class NACC{  

  public static void main(String args[])throws Exception{  

  Schools    s =new Schools(211,"MIT");  

  FileOutputStream fout=new FileOutputStream("SchoolsObject.txt");  
  ObjectOutputStream out=new ObjectOutputStream(fout);  
  System.out.println("Object Serialized.");  

Here what is did here!

1) It creates one text file using FileOutputStream.

2) It Converts Object of Schools class into byte Stream using class

    If you open that text file, it will not be in human readable format.

3) We wrote data of the Object using out.writeObject() method.

Deserializing means re-creating serialized object from serialized state.

It is the reverse process of serializing, here we convert byte stream data into the object again to make it operational.

We do this by using ObjectinputStream class.

Important Method :

1) public final Object readObject() throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException{}reads an object from the input stream.
2) public void close() throws IOException {}closes ObjectInputStream.

Example of Deserialization:

class Depersist{
 public static void main(String args[])throws Exception{
    ObjectInputStream in=new ObjectInputStream(new                    FileInputStream("SchoolObject.txt"));
    Schools s=(Schools)in.readObject();
    System.out.println(s.s_Id+" "+s.s_Name);

ObjectInputStream  gets the bytes converted in object from given file and then
It casts converted Object into Schools type.

readObject() function then reads the object and print function simply prints it.


Happy Learning.........


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